Editor/IDE styling standardization
We use EditorConfig to automatically apply certain styling
standards before files are saved locally. Most editors/IDEs will honor the
settings automatically by default. If your editor/IDE does not automatically support
we suggest investigating to see if a plugin exists. For instance here is the
plugin for vim.
Pre-commit static analysis
You should install
overcommit to automatically check for
static analysis offenses before committing locally.
overcommit, run the following in your GitLab source directory:
make -C tooling/overcommit
Then before a commit is created,
overcommit automatically checks for RuboCop (and other checks)
offenses on every modified file.
This saves you time as you don't have to wait for the same errors to be detected by CI/CD.
overcommit relies on a pre-commit hook to prevent commits that violate its ruleset. To override
this behavior, pass the
OVERCOMMIT_DISABLE environment variable. For example,
OVERCOMMIT_DISABLE=1 git rebase master to rebase while disabling the Git hook.
Ruby, Rails, RSpec
Our codebase style is defined and enforced by RuboCop.
You can check for any offenses locally with
bundle exec rubocop --parallel.
On the CI, this is automatically checked by the
For RuboCop rules that we have not taken a decision on yet, we follow the Ruby Style Guide, Rails Style Guide, and RSpec Style Guide as general guidelines to write idiomatic Ruby/Rails/RSpec, but reviewers/maintainers should be tolerant and not too pedantic about style.
Similarly, some RuboCop rules are currently disabled, and for those, reviewers/maintainers must not ask authors to use one style or the other, as both are accepted. This isn't an ideal situation since this leaves space for bike-shedding, and ideally we should enable all RuboCop rules to avoid style-related discussions/nitpicking/back-and-forth in reviews.
Creating new RuboCop cops
Typically it is better for the linting rules to be enforced programmatically as it reduces the aforementioned bike-shedding.
To that end, we encourage creation of new RuboCop rules in the codebase.
When creating a new cop that could be applied to multiple applications, we encourage you to add it to our GitLab Styles gem.
See the dedicated Database Migrations Style Guide.
See the dedicated JS Style Guide.
See the dedicated SCSS Style Guide.
See the dedicated Go standards and style guidelines.
Shell commands (Ruby)
See the dedicated Guidelines for shell commands in the GitLab codebase.
See the dedicated Shell scripting standards and style guidelines.
We're following Ciro Santilli's Markdown Style Guide.
See the dedicated Documentation Style Guide.
See the dedicated Python Development Guidelines.
Code should be written in US English.